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SGEM#211: Pins and Needles – Acupuncture for Migraine Prophylaxis

Posted by on Mar 18, 2018 in Featured, Neurologic, Podcasts | 1 comment

Podcast Link: SGEM211 Date: March 18th, 2018 Reference: Zhao et al. The Long-Term Effect of Acupuncture for Migraine Prophylaxis:  A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Internal Medicine 2017 Guest Skeptic: Dr. Alfred Sacchetti is a full time practicing Emergency Physician, who is also the Chief of Emergency Medicine at Our Lady of Lourdes Medical Center in Camden, New Jersey, USA, an Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine, an Active Researcher and faculty member for the Emergency Medicine and Acute Care course.   Case: 40-year-old male appears with what he describes as his typical migraine that has failed his usual home therapies.  In the emergency department after six hours and multiple medications, the patient’s pain is finally under control.  While being discharged he asks if there anything you can offer to prevent headaches from coming back. He states: “I have to fly to Chengdu University of Traditional...

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SGEM#210: (Don’t) Let it Bleed – TXA for Epistaxis in Patients on Anti-Platelet Drugs

Posted by on Mar 10, 2018 in Featured, Hematologic, Podcasts | 7 comments

Podcast Link: SGEM210 Date: March 6th, 2018 Reference: Zahed et al. Topical Tranexamic Acid Compared With Anterior Nasal Packing for Treatment of Epistaxis in Patients Taking Antiplatelet Drugs: Randomized Controlled Trial. AEM March 2018. Guest Skeptic: Dr. Justin Morgenstern is an emergency physician and the Director of Simulation Education at Markham Stouffville Hospital in Ontario. He is the creator of the excellent #FOAMed project called Case: A 77-year-old woman with known coronary artery disease is on clopidogrel and aspirin because of a stent placed four month ago. She has epistaxis that has not resolved despite twenty minutes of well applied anterior pressure. As you are preparing your equipment, she tells you that this is her third episode of epistaxis, and she is really hoping there is some alternative to the anterior packing she had the last two times. Background: About 60% of the...

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SGEM#209: Cephalexin – You Are My Only One for Uncomplicated Cellulitis

Posted by on Mar 4, 2018 in Featured, Infectious, Podcasts | 6 comments

Podcast Link: SGEM209 Date: February 27th, 2018 Reference: Moran et al. Effect of Cephalexin plus Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole vs Cephalexin Alone on Clinical Cure of Uncomplicated Cellulitis – A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA May 2017. Guest Skeptic: Chip Lange is an Emergency Medicine Physician Assistant (PA) working primarily in rural Missouri in community hospitals. He also hosts a great #FOAMed blog and podcast called TOTAL EM. Case: A 22-year-old male with no significant past medical history arrives to your department for an area of tender erythema to the right forearm for two days that has grown in size without purulence or drainage.  With point of care ultrasound, you diagnose cellulitis without the presence of an abscess affecting a 6cm diameter area.  When deciding how to treat for this condition, you have read recently that cephalexin could be used alone and that trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) may...

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SGEM#208: It Makes No Difference – Glucocorticoids for the Treatment of Septic Shock

Posted by on Feb 24, 2018 in Featured, Infectious, Podcasts | 10 comments

Podcast Link: SGEM208 Date: February 14th, 2018 Reference: Venkatesh S et al. Adjunctive Glucocorticoid Therapy in Patients with Septic Shock. NEJM January 2018. Guest Skeptic: Dr. Rory Spiegel (@EMNerd_) is a clinical instructor at University of Maryland, a recent graduate of Stony Brook’s Resuscitation Fellowship, and a current Critical Care fellow at University of Maryland. He writes an excellent blog called EM Nerd, which he describes as nihilistic ramblings. Case: 64-year-old male presents to your emergency department with worsening abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and anorexia for the past week. On presentation he is lethargic and hypotensive. He requires control of his airway and is given a 30 cc/kg fluid bolus and started on norepinephrine. His urine analysis is consistent with a urinary tract infection. Over the course of his emergency department stay he has escalating vasopressor requirements. After starting vasopression, you ask...

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SGEM#207: Ahh (Don’t) Push It – Pre-Hospital IV Antibiotics for Sepsis.

Posted by on Feb 17, 2018 in Featured, Infectious, Podcasts | 9 comments

Podcast Link: SGEM207 Date: February 14th, 2018 Reference: Alam N et al. Prehospital antibiotics in the ambulance for sepsis: a multicentre, open label, randomised trial. The Lancet Nov 2017. Guest Skeptics: Jay Loosley is the Superintendent of Education at Middlesex-London Paramedic Service. Jenn Doyle is a paramedic educator at Middlesex-London Paramedic Service. Case: EMS is dispatched to a retirement home. They have a 73-year-old man who complains of weakness and a cough for the last 48 hours. You arrive and find the man lying in bed looking ill. He has a history of hypertension, benign prostatic hypertrophy and osteoarthritis. His medications include ramapril, hydrochlorothiazide and tamsulosin. On examination, he has a temperature of 38.7C, heart rate of 105 beats per minute, respiratory rate of 26, oxygen saturation of 88%. and a blood pressure of 88/50 mmHg. You load him on the stretcher,...

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SGEM#206: I’m Wheezy Like A Pre-Schooler – Prednisolone for Wheezy Children

Posted by on Feb 10, 2018 in Featured, Infectious, Pediatrics, Podcasts, Pulmonary | 10 comments

Podcast Link: SGEM206a Date: February 6th, 2018 Reference: Foster SJ et al. Oral prednisolone in preschool children with virus-associated wheeze: a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet January 2018 Guest Skeptic: Dr. Tessa Davis is a Pediatrician specialising in Pediatric Emergency Medicine and currently practicing in a central London hospital. She is also the co-founder of Don’t Forget the Bubbles and on the FeminEM Speaker Bureau. Case: Tom is a 4-year-old boy who comes into the emergency department with a wheeze following a viral illness. He has been taking salbutamol at home today but he’s still not improving. He has mild work of breathing and a bilateral wheeze. His oxygen saturation is 94% on room air. Tom has no other previous medical history. You start to write up the salbutamol, but should you give him a dose of prednisolone too? Background: We see “little wheezers”...

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